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Audouin Birding Tours: Birding trip report Andalucia May 2005 - Doñana, Sierra de las Nieves, Huelva




català - dansk - español - english

      



 
 
 

ELDERHOSTEL MAY 2005 – BIRD WATCHING IN ANDALUCIA

Seville to Malaga including Doñana National Park, Odiel river and salt marshes, Alcornocales Nature Park, Strait of Gibraltar, Sierra de las Nieves.

Tour leaders: Cristian Jensen Marcet & Iben Hove Sørensen

Group members: Nancy Holden, Ken Munson, Bruce Kelley, Elinor Wagner, Bernardo Sanchez, Paul Vanderheiden, Bob & June Silberman, Margot Levy, John Filor, Marguerite Shuster, and Janice Sperry.

167 bird species recorded

Trip report written by Iben Hove Sørensen

Sunday May 1st – Day 1


Eurasian Spoonbill - © Marguerite Shuster

Rendezvous at the airport in Seville; most group members were arriving directly from the U.S.A., whereas others had already spent a few days exploring the region. As the group members arrived on several different airplanes, the afternoon included some waiting time and a picnic lunch just outside the airport. During lunch, a few garden species such as Goldfinch, Blackbird, Spotless Starling and House Sparrow were noted as the first birds of the trip. Once everyone was present and the bus was packed, we started making our way to the charming western-style town of El Rocio, on the edge of the Doñana National Park. We checked in to our hotel, and met in the restaurant after a couple of hours to introduce everyone to each other and to the guides, the itinerary and the daily activities. Pepi had prepared home-made sangria and a small buffet of Spanish ham, cheese and olives for us, which was savoured as we went through the schedule for each day of the trip. Dinner was consumed relatively fast and quietly, as everyone was in need of sleep and rest in order to catch up after the many hours spent travelling.

Monday May 2nd - Day 2

At breakfast, much brighter than the day before, everyone seemed eager to get out doing some bird watching. We got on the bus and headed towards the Entremuros area. The first stop, however, was only 300 m from the hotel, by the Rocio marshes. In contrast to the rest of Doñana, which was unusually dry due to a complete lack of rain all winter, these marshes on the edge of town held a fair amount of water, and the area was teeming with birds. We spent a couple of hours scanning the marshes, and everyone was thrilled to discover the bird diversity there. We enjoyed superb views of Flamingo, Eurasian Spoonbill, Glossy Ibis, White Stork, and many smaller shorebirds such as Curlew Sandpiper, Dunlin, and Redshank. Whiskered Terns were hunting elegantly over the water, and Red and Black Kites were circling above us allowing for direct comparison of the two species.


White Stork - © Janice Sperry

From El Rocio we continued towards the Valverde Information centre. Numerous Woodchat Shrikes were perched on the fences along the road, and our driver Pedro repeatedly had to slow down to let us have a look at these beautiful birds. On the outskirts of Villamanrique we enjoyed great views of a stork colony, where several nesting pairs were posing on their nests and others were busy feeding their nestlings. Passing through the dry fields and rice paddies of the Entremuros area, we did most of our bird watching in the channels along the road. These channels contained enough water to attract several species of herons and egrets, and we also had very close views of numerous groups of Purple Gallinule.

At the Valverde Information Centre we had our picnic lunch on the walkways just outside the centre, keeping the scopes ready for quick views of the numerous singing Great Reed Warblers. After lunch, we entered the information centre to enjoy the views over the lagoon. In spite of the general lack of water in the area, the lagoon was kept full of water to ensure a sanctuary for the birds. Although many birds were present in the lagoon, we found no trace of the big colony of herons and egrets usually established there; presumably due to reduced feeding opportunities in the surrounding areas. Red-crested Pochard and Gadwall were very numerous in the closer parts of the lagoon, where we also found several Night Herons, Purple Herons, and a single Squacco Heron in breeding plumage. A lone Greylag Goose had also stayed behind while the majority of this species had left for their summer quarters in Northern Europe. The more distant parts of the lagoon held great numbers of Flamingo, Avocet, and Northern Lapwing, and a group of Fallow Deer stopped for a sip of water.

On the way back to El Rocio we stopped to enjoy Calandra and Short-toed Larks in the dry fields, as well as a group of Black Kites feasting on a carcass. We also made a brief stop to have a look at a small group of Bee-eaters perched on a fence; although very beautiful, however, they were still not nearly close enough for the group members to be fully satisfied with (let alone impressed by) seeing the most colourful bird in Europe.

Tuesday May 3rd – Day 3

This morning we went straight to the information centre at El Acebuche, where we embarked on our land rover excursion through some of the more restricted parts of the Doñana National Park. Before leaving, everyone enjoyed close views of several small groups of Azure-winged Magpie in the picnic area; Bruce’s list of target species was now one shorter. We shared a land rover bus with only six others, and we had an excellent English-speaking guide, so even Cristian and Iben could just sit back and enjoy the tour. The ride through the dunes was as bumpy as a horseback ride, which resulted in everyone (and their respective binoculars and other equipment) jumping up and down inside the bus. Due to the unusual drought of the season we were able to visit the dry lagoon as well as the beach. The ride along the beach resulted in views of several groups of gulls (consisting mainly of Yellow-legged and Audouin’s Gulls), and shorebirds such as Sanderling, Turnstone and Oystercatcher. The day also turned out to be great for mammal watching, and we had super views of Wild Boar, Fallow and Red Deer, and also passed a group of the ancient cattle race adapted for life in the wetlands. While keeping our fingers crossed for a glimpse of the local pair of Spanish Imperial Eagle, we noted frustratingly many Black Kites in the area – each of them causing a great deal of excitement. Regarding the eagles as well as the Iberian Lynx, we just had to believe our guide that they were actually around...

After the excursion, the gift shop was scoured for presents and t-shirts, and the picnic areas for photogenic groups of Azure-winged Magpies. Both ventures turned out successfully, and everyone agreed that the morning had been great. We went back to El Rocio for lunch, and after a few hours of free time we all met in the ‘classroom’ for Iben’s talk on bird migration. Although the room was very hot and not really equipped for a presentation, the subject caught on, and afterwards - following a short break including refreshments - we were ready for the talk on Doñana by Jon Jauregui. At the dinner table, Pepi’s performance as a copla singer impressed us all and even left Pedro speechless.




Doñana NP - © Marguerite Shuster - Wild Boar

Wednesday May 4th – Day 4

We left the hotel after breakfast and headed towards Huelva, and the marshes and salt pans of the Odiel River. We met in the information centre with Manuel, our local guide for the morning. While most people chose to visit the facilities of the centre, Iben and Bruce searched the lagoons and found an actively foraging Red-necked Phalarope – quite a surprise, as this species is not normally found in the area during the summer. Luckily the bird was in no hurry to move on, and everyone enjoyed watching the foraging behaviour of this unusual shorebird. The small lagoon also held Eurasian Spoonbills, Redshanks, and large numbers of Common Coot.

From the lagoon, we went to the salt pans where Manuel carefully guided our bus through the narrow dirt tracks between the pans. A shallow layer of water covered the pans, and the area’s main attraction for shorebirds and flamingos only became obvious after close inspection of a water sample holding numerous of the minute crustaceans. Several groups of Curlew Sandpiper and Little Stint were foraging in the salt pans by the road, but only as we entered deeper into the area did we discover the true bird diversity of the Odiel. Turning around a sharp corner, we were faced with large groups of Black-necked Grebe, even larger groups of Flamingo, and a mixed assembly of gulls, terns and shorebirds demanding our attention. The group members were thrilled to discover Little Gull, Slender-billed Gull, Caspian Tern, Little Tern, Grey Plover, Red Knot, and Avocet, mixed in with the more numerous Black-headed and Yellow-legged Gulls. As we were leaving the area, we chased off a Stone Curlew, yet – although everybody saw it – most group members were hesitant about ticking this big-eyed bird after such a brief view.

After having lunch in Palos, everyone was cheery (some blamed the wine), and we headed towards El Rocio in good spirit. Outside the village, we stopped at La Rocina to visit the hides overlooking the stream feeding the Rocio marshes. Again, we had excellent views of Eurasian Spoonbills, and a Purple Heron foraging in a green meadow allowed all of us to fully appreciate its beautiful plumage. In the shady pine forest, Cristian introduced everyone to the subject of bird song, while a pair of Woodchat Shrike was foraging actively around the group; allowing everyone to get superb views of this bird, which had quickly become a favourite of many. At dinner, Pepi surprised us all by serving freshly picked strawberries for dessert – her way of letting us know that she had enjoyed our company and was sad to see us go.




Yellow-legged Gulls - © Janice Sperry - Curlew Sandpipers

Thursday May 5th – Day 5

This morning we left El Rocio, in order to escape before the weekend’s invasion of (some of them semi-) religious pilgrims. The transfer to Seville went smoothly without much traffic, and we checked in at the hotel earlier than expected. This gave us all a chance to enjoy the luxurious rooms, or to venture out to find postcards, cash points, or other necessities.

A couple of hours later, our guide of the city, Moises, picked us up at the hotel and guided us swiftly through the streets of Seville. As he was walking along, sharing his knowledge about buildings, people and religion, Iben was counting the group members at each corner to ensure that no one was left behind taking photographs or buying stamps. Lesser Kestrels were greeting us as we entered the grounds of the cathedral, and after the tour of the church itself we had time to enjoy the birds hunting from the top of the tower. Jackdaws and Pallid Swifts were also flying around among the numerous pigeons breeding in the cathedral, and both were (with a bit of patience) easily observed from the tower. As we returned to ground level, a couple of Lesser Kestrels were posing in the courtyard, allowing everyone to examine the intersexual plumage differences and cheer at the male’s attempts to chase away the omnipresent pigeons. After the tour of the city and the cathedral it was time to go out for a taste of the Spanish cuisine, and obviously the restaurant of choice was a tapas bar. Everyone was hungry after the morning’s activities, and all shared plates and beer glasses were emptied swiftly. The afternoon was free, and most people spent it exploring the city – a rare opportunity on this birding adventure.

The dinner in the hotel was of outstanding quality, and everyone enjoyed being pampered by the waiters (although most of us felt at least slightly underdressed...).

Friday May 6th – Day 6

After 24 hours in Seville, it was now time to move on to Huerta Grande in the southern part of the Alcornocales Nature Park. On the way to our destination, we stopped at Laguna de Medina to explore the edges of the lagoon. At first sight the area looked very empty and silent, and the only birds spotted were Yellow-legged Gulls. However, as we went down towards the water and the surrounding reed beds, several passerines were singing around us, and we had great views of Stonechat, Spotted Flycatcher, Zitting Cisticola, and Goldfinches. Numerous nightingales were singing in the dense bushes, but to our great frustration they all remained unseen. A pair of Montagu’s Harrier was displaying in the fields, but they had strong competition for the group’s attention in the form of a Whitethroat and a Sardinian Warbler both appearing out in the open at the same time.

After the walk by the lagoon, we went to have lunch in a roadside ‘venta’, where we had a wonderful meal consisting of tomato salad with heaps of garlic, arroz caldoso (a paella-type dish with rice and plenty of shellfish) and a heavy, pudding-like cake. Needless to say, far from everybody were able to stay awake throughout the rest of the journey to Huerta Grande, although most people woke up when the first group of Griffon Vulture was spotted circling the mountains. The temperature inside the bus was remarkably high compared to the outside temperature, and we started to suspect that we might have a problem with the air conditioning.

After all the suitcases had been rolled up the hill, and everyone had settled into their individual huts, it was time to explore our new habitat. However, the schedule only gave us time for a brief walk in the garden forest before meeting in the classroom for Richard Banham’s talk on the birds of Gibraltar. After the talk it was dinner time; the meal was consumed quickly, and everyone headed straight to bed afterwards.

Saturday May 7th – Day 7


Gibraltar Ape - © Marguerite Shuster

The main excursion of this day was a tour of Gibraltar. We set off just after breakfast, and the distant views of the Rock of Gibraltar seemed to guarantee us good weather and excellent views from the top of the rock. Our guide Peter was a cheerful character with an equal supply of historical information and bad jokes, and he kept us well entertained on the tightly packed tour of Gibraltar. We had excellent views of nesting Yellow-legged Gulls, and we arrived at the ringing station just in time to have a look at a female Redstart caught in the nets. The views were indeed great from the top, and the famous Gibraltar monkeys were posing at the feeding station, so we left Gibraltar with most of our expectations fulfilled. However, the number of visitors was surprisingly high, and the rugged look of the rock is highly misleading with regards to the general ‘wildness’ of the place.

When we returned to the bus and went the short stretch to La Linea, where we were having lunch, we became convinced that the air conditioning system in the bus had broken down. We thus decided that the afternoon was better spent in the hotel garden than in the bus, and we headed straight back to Huerta Grande after lunch. Back in the garden, we discovered that the raptors’ migratory route of the afternoon brought them right past our hotel. From the viewpoint at the top of the garden, we could look across the strait to the mountains of Morocco, thus able to follow the birds coming in from the sea. Honey Buzzards were the most numerous migrants this afternoon, with a group of around 50 individuals recorded as the largest, but also Black Kites, Short-toed Eagles, and Griffon Vultures were passing.

The afternoon was somewhat disturbed, when Bob started feeling chest pain. We quickly decided to call an ambulance, and we were all feeling uneasy seeing the ambulance zoom down the narrow path to the cottages with lights and sirens on. However, Cristian’s concern for his own health became even greater than his concern for Bob’s when the ambulance headed for Algeciras at mind-blowing speed disregarding the state and width of the mountain roads. Fortunately everyone got to the hospital safely, and Bob was carefully examined – to our great relief, the chest pain was nothing to worry about! Needless to say, the ride home was conducted in a taxi.

While the rest of the group were waiting for Cristian, Bob and June to return, we spent the afternoon birding peacefully around the garden. The numerous songs emitted from the vegetation convinced us that the garden was indeed full of birds, but it took a great deal of patience to get to see them. We had great views of Robin, Spotted Flycatcher, Blackcap, Chaffinch and Greenfinch, and we heard Crested Tit, Great Tit, Treecreeper and Sardinian Warbler at several sites. We also found a very well camouflaged Chaffinch nest in a tree, to which the female was continuously bringing food. Firecrests were continuously moving overhead, but - to her own great frustration - only Iben managed to see them. As we were meeting up for dinner, a Nightingale was perched on a low wall by the restaurant, allowing most group members to have a good look at this elusive bird.

Sunday May 8th – Day 8

This morning we were up early to enjoy a bird banding session in the hotel garden with Richard Banham and David Ríos. Four nets were put up, and the result was thrilling. The morning allowed for close encounters with Nightingale, House Sparrow, Wren, Robin and Blackcap, and a Greater Spotted Woodpecker appeared nearby while we were following Richard’s work. The thrill of seeing the birds up close and releasing them after they had been banded inspired several group members to join the force of ringing volunteers back home. While banding, we were also able to enjoy the raptor migration above us and had great views of Griffon Vulture, Honey Buzzard, and a lone Booted Eagle. We had an early lunch by the beach in Bolonia, followed for some by a visit to the nearby Roman ruins. Others were determined to do some more bird watching in spite of the heat, and the early afternoon provided good views of Crested Lark, Black-eared Wheatear and Stonechats.

From the beach, we drove up the rocky hillsides to get close views of Griffon Vultures at their nests on the cliffs. The view was amazing, although the bird activity was very low due to the extreme heat. A stunning male Blue Rock Thrush ignored the blazing sun and remained perched close to the road for us all to enjoy his song and shiny plumage. As the air condition in the bus was still broken, we decided to return to the beach for refreshments before continuing with our final quest of the day – finding the Rufous Bush Robin. Entering the bumpy maze of dirt tracks, we stopped to have a look at a light-coloured bird which turned out to be a Tawny Pipit. The same spot added Thekla Lark to the list, and in the distance a pair of Egyptian Vultures was seen circling the mountain tops. Further down the road we finally encountered the Rufous Bush Robin, and in spite of its discrete behaviour and plumage we were all excited to see this rare breeding bird at close range. We went back to Huerta Grande for dinner, all of us happy to return to the cool shade of the garden trees.




Bird banding - © Janice Sperry & Marguerite Shuster - Griffon Vulture

Monday 9th – Day 9

This morning we headed off towards Tarifa, from where we were to embark on our boat excursion into the Strait of Gibraltar. Before the trip we had some free time to explore the town, and the shops were visited for peanuts, stamps and sun lotion for people with baby-hair ;). The sea breeze provided a welcomed change of climate from the continuous heat experienced on land, and everyone was excited to explore the marine world and its inhabitants. The first sighting of what looked like the blow from a Sperm Whale turned out to be a playful group of 150 Bottlenose Dolphins jumping in and out of the water. As we slowly approached the group, we were surrounded by dolphins bow-riding and playfully showing off around the boat and the sensation of being invited to join the fun was deeply touching. A second group of dolphins joined the party, and according to our guide we were at this point surrounded by nothing less than all the local individuals of this species! As we turned the boat and started heading back towards the coast, the first Balearic Shearwater was spotted, and a group of Black Terns arrived to forage briefly around the boat. A large Cory’s Shearwater went by close to the boat, but unfortunately the attention of the group was at this point divided by the sky and the ocean, where a group of Pilot Whales was bow-riding us (apparently a very rare phenomenon). The whales stayed around long enough for everyone to enjoy them, and as we started moving again a pair of Atlantic Puffins crossed our way in the distance. A Great Skua flew by fairly close, and shortly after we encountered a group of 40-50 Striped Dolphins to top off this highly successful trip. As we returned to Tarifa, we enjoyed our picnic lunch in the shade of the trees in the town centre and then decided to return home in order to escape the afternoon heat by the coast.

As the day before, the hotel garden was full of birds singing from their concealed perches, and we decided to take up the challenge and set out to find them. Our effort this afternoon was rewarded with sightings of Firecrest, Treecreeper, Blue Tit, Great Tit, and even a singing Iberian Chiffchaff. Greenfinches and Serins were also singing, and one of each species posed for Marguerite and Janice to once again demonstrate their great skills as photographers. The garden birds kept us well entertained until it was time to head for dinner in the restaurant.

Tuesday May 10th – Day 10


Barn Swallow - © Marguerite Shuster

It was now time to leave Huerta Grande and move on to our next stop; the old convent of Almoraima. We were able to check in early, so we could leave all our belongings in the rooms before heading towards the fortified mountain village Castellar el Viejo. The road to the village was very scenic and lead us through beautiful cork oak forests, crossed rivers and streams, and took us up above it all for great views of the mountains and a big valley reservoir. Castellar itself was stunning in its own way, and from the stone wall we had superb views of Lesser Kestrel, Common and Pallid Swift, Red-rumped Swallow, Crag Martin and a pair of Blue Rock Thrush. While having lunch we were able to observe several pairs of Barn Swallow which were nesting inside the restaurant; a nest above the table was cunningly provided with a cork plate below to avoid droppings!

Nothing was scheduled for the early afternoon, but being birders we had to explore our new surroundings and investigate the local bird diversity. We went out for a walk in the big garden and the surrounding oak forest, where we had a taste of the stone pine kernels al fresco. Treecreeper, Blue Tit and Sardinian Warbler were the main characters of the afternoon’s story, although we also caught a quick glimpse of a Eurasian Jay flying through the oak woods. We returned to the convent for Cristian’s class on the bird diversity of Spain, held in the rather posh looking conference room. Before the talk we had time to pay a short birding visit to the roof, and we were rewarded with a couple of Bee-eaters as well as several Collared Doves perched on the electricity wires just behind the convent. Now they were finally close enough to fully appreciate their beautiful colours. After Cristian’s talk, we had a superb dinner consisting of several tapas-like starters followed by fish and a lovely dessert.

Wednesday May 11th – Day 11


© Marguerite Shuster

The plan for this morning was to walk upstream the Hozgarganza River from Jimena de la Frontera, the motivation for finishing the walk being lunch at the other end. The walk began by a bridge across the river, and a birding stop here revealed Little Ringed Plover as well as Bee-eater, Garden Warbler and a Golden Oriole singing in the distance. The Bee-eaters were present everywhere along the river, and we had superb views of them foraging, perching, and even mating! It was a very beautiful morning with clear sky, and all species seen seemed extraordinarily beautiful; Woodchat Shrike, Greenfinch, Serin and Bee-eater were all enjoyed at close hand, and Booted Eagle, Sparrowhawk and Common Buzzard were soaring above the valley. A Cirl Bunting was cleaning itself at the riverside, accompanied by a Serin and several Greenfinches, while a White Stork took off as we approached its feeding site.

As we got closer to the end, the path began its route up the valley, and the walk became slightly more strenuous. By the time we arrived at the restaurant all water bottles were empty, and the waiter was met with some impatience when he started presenting the menu instead of serving drinks. There was an excellent choice of dishes, including - once again – lovely fresh strawberries, and everyone enjoyed the meal. Back at the convent, the afternoon was free, and most people spent it exploring the gardens and taking a closer look at the beautiful details inside the convent. The dinner was again great, this time with different starters and a delicious steak of wild boar.

Thursday May 12th – Day 12

This morning the weather was not nearly as bright as the day before, and we packed the bus in silent disapproval of the rain clouds building up around us. On the way to the city of Ronda, where we had a guided walk scheduled, the rain began falling, and for the first time we had to dig out our waterproofs. Our guide Teresa was wearing a yellow rain jacket and a dangerously large umbrella and didn’t seem too concerned or surprised with the weather, so we started the tour of the city dressed in plastics. Teresa’s enthusiasm quickly rubbed off, and although it was cold and damp, we had a great walk and were well entertained all the way. We had good views of Red-billed Choughs perched on the impressive rocky slopes around the city, and birding from the restaurant after lunch even resulted in a Peregrine Falcon.

From Ronda we went towards El Burgo, a typical white village, where we would be spending the last two nights of the trip. As the rain had now turned into a very light drizzle, we stopped at a few good birding spots along the way to the village. The most impressive stop was at a mountain peak which allowed for great views of the Sierra de las Nieves Nature Park. From this peak we saw all the species of swifts and swallows present in the area, including the large Alpine Swift which was a new species for the trip. We arrived in El Burgo late in the afternoon, and the group was eager to explore the village, so no further activities were planned for the rest of the day. We had dinner in the hotel, and after an eventful day most people went straight to bed after the meal.

Friday May 13th – Day 13

The last day of the trip began with an excursion into the mountains of the Sierra de las Nieves Nature Park. We drove up part of the windy road, and then walked a while to be more perceptive to the bird activity. During the walk we had great views of Rock Bunting, Crested Tit, Coal Tit, and large groups of Common Crossbill, and we also had the chance to get better views of Wood Pigeon, Eurasian Jay and European Robin. Despite our expectations after talking to an English couple who said ‘they were everywhere’, we did not see any Hoopoes, and some people were now getting rather disappointed at the thought of leaving Europe without seeing this bird. However, the crossbills made us forget that we didn’t see any H......, and we were still able to enjoy the other birds as well as the amazing views over the valleys and towards the mountain tops. We had lunch in a peaceful white village in the valley below, and after lunch we started making our way back to El Burgo.

Back in the village, people were torn between returning to the hotel to pack and following the last chance of seeing the (normally not so) elusive Hoopoe. A small group consisting of five group members and both leaders decided to go for a walk along the stream in the village. After an intensive and slightly tense search of the surrounding fields, a Hoopoe appeared between the olive trees just a few metres from us. A great relief for the leaders and a great thrill for the group members, this bird represented the last species added to this trip’s bird list. The walk also resulted in good views of a Grey Wagtail showing off on the rocks in the stream, and provided the last encounters of Blackbirds, Goldfinches, and House Sparrows.

Back in the hotel, the last activity included dissection of Barn Owl pellets and a brief introduction to the subject by Cristian. Plenty of teeth and bones of shrews, mice and voles were discovered, and some lucky group members even discovered bird skulls in their pellets. After this appetising starter, followed by a bit of free time, we had our final dinner in the hotel. Looking back on the trip was quite emotional, as well as exchanging addresses and thinking about the following day’s goodbyes, but due to the early start the next morning everybody went to bed shortly after the dinner.

Saturday May 14th – Day 14

The departures from Malaga airport were spread out during the morning, but all were relatively early and the bus left El Burgo at 5 am. Everyone checked in without problems, and the two lingering group members found a reasonably priced hotel close by. The group leaders armed themselves with patience and settled down for the eight-hour wait for their own check-in.

Thank you all for a wonderful trip, you were a great group to travel with! We hope to see you all again somewhere, sometime – you are certainly very welcome to visit us here in Catalonia if you ever decide on returning to Spain.

Best wishes, and thanks again,

Cristian and Iben

 

Comments from Ken & Nancy

We have been boring our friends with stories of our great birding adventure. It really was the best and you both could not have been better company or better teachers. You are both extremely knowledgeable and outstanding as leaders. Thank you for a memorable two weeks.

Bird List

  • 1 Tachybaptus ruficollis - Little Grebe
  • 2 Podiceps major - Great Grebe
  • 3 Podiceps cristatus - Great Crested Grebe
  • 4 Podiceps nigricollis - Black-necked Grebe
  • 5 Calonectris diomedea - Cory's Shearwater
  • 6 Puffinus mauretanicus - Balearic Shearwater
  • 7 Sula bassana - Northern Gannet
  • 8 Nycticorax nycticorax - Night Heron
  • 9 Ardeola ralloides - Squacco Heron
  • 10 Bubulcus ibis - Cattle Egret
  • 11 Egretta garzetta - Little Egret
  • 12 Egretta alba - Great White Egret
  • 13 Ardea cinerea - Grey Heron
  • 14 Ardea purpurea - Purple Heron
  • 15 Ciconia ciconia - White Stork
  • 16 Plegadis falcinellus - Glossy Ibis
  • 17 Platalea leucorodia - Eurasian Spoonbill
  • 18 Phoenicopterus ruber - Greater Flamingo
  • 19 Anser anser - Greylag Goose
  • 20 Tadorna tadorna - Common Shelduck
  • 21 Anas strepera - Gadwall
  • 22 Anas platyrhynchos - Mallard
  • 23 Anas clypeata - Northern Shoveler
  • 24 Netta rufina - Red-crested Pochard
  • 25 Aythya ferina - Common Pochard
  • 26 Pernis apivorus - European Honey-buzzard
  • 27 Milvus migrans - Black Kite
  • 28 Milvus milvus - Red Kite
  • 29 Neophron percnopterus - Egyptian Vulture
  • 30 Gyps fulvus - Griffon Vulture
  • 31 Circaetus gallicus - Short-toed Eagle
  • 32 Circus aeruginosus - Marsh Harrier
  • 33 Circus pygargus - Montagu's Harrier
  • 34 Accipiter nisus - Eurasian Sparrowhawk
  • 35 Buteo buteo - Common Buzzard
  • 36 Hieraaetus pennatus - Booted Eagle
  • 37 Falco naumanni - Lesser Kestrel
  • 38 Falco tinnunculus - Common Kestrel
  • 39 Falco peregrinus - Peregrine Falcon
  • 40 Alectoris rufa - Red-legged Partridge
  • 41 Coturnix coturnix - Common Quail
  • 42 Phasianus colchicus - Common Pheasant
  • 43 Gallinula chloropus - Moorhen
  • 44 Porphyrio porphyrio - Purple Swamp-hen
  • 45 Fulica atra - Common Coot
  • 46 Fulica cristata - Red-knobbed Coot
  • 47 Haematopus ostralegus - Oystercatcher
  • 48 Himantopus himantopus - Black-winged Stilt
  • 49 Recurvirostra avosetta - Avocet
  • 50 Burhinus oedicnemus - Stone-curlew
  • 51 Glareola pratincola - Collared Pratincole
  • 52 Charadrius dubius - Little Ringed Plover
  • 53 Charadrius hiaticula - Great Ringed Plover
  • 54 Charadrius alexandrinus - Kentish Plover
  • 55 Pluvialis squatarola - Grey Plover
  • 56 Vanellus vanellus - Northern Lapwing
  • 57 Calidris canutus - Red Knot
  • 58 Calidris alba - Sanderling
  • 59 Calidris minuta - Little Stint
  • 60 Calidris temminckii - Temminck's Stint
  • 61 Calidris ferruginea - Curlew Sandpiper
  • 62 Calidris alpina - Dunlin
  • 63 Philomachus pugnax - Ruff
  • 64 Limosa limosa - Black-tailed Godwit
  • 65 Limosa lapponica - Bar-tailed Godwit
  • 66 Numenius phaeopus - Whimbrel
  • 67 Tringa erythropus - Spotted Redshank
  • 68 Tringa totanus - Common Redshank
  • 69 Tringa nebularia - Greenshank
  • 70 Actitis hypoleucos - Common Sandpiper
  • 71 Arenaria interpres - Turnstone
  • 72 Phalaropus lobatus - Red-necked Phalarope
  • 73 Stercorarius skua - Great Skua
  • 74 Larus minutus - Little Gull
  • 75 Larus ridibundus - Black-headed Gull
  • 76 Larus genei - Slender-billed Gull
  • 77 Larus audouinii - Audouin's Gull
  • 78 Larus fuscus - Lesser Black-backed Gull
  • 79 Larus cachinnans - Yellow-legged Gull
  • 80 Gelochelidon nilotica - Gull-billed Tern
  • 81 Sterna caspia - Caspian Tern
  • 82 Sterna hirundo - Common Tern
  • 83 Sterna albifrons - Little Tern
  • 84 Chlidonias hybridus - Whiskered Tern
  • 85 Chlidonias niger - Black Tern
  • 86 Fratercula arctica - Atlantic Puffin
  • 87 Columba livia - Rock Dove
  • 88 Columba palumbus - Common Wood Pigeon
  • 89 Streptopelia decaocto - Eurasian Collared Dove
  • 90 Streptopelia turtur - European Turtle Dove
  • 91 Cuculus canorus - Common Cuckoo
  • 92 Strix aluco - Tawny Owl
  • 93 Apus apus - Common Swift
  • 94 Apus pallidus - Pallid Swift
  • 95 Apus melba - Alpine Swift
  • 96 Merops apiaster - European Bee-eater
  • 97 Upupa epops - Hoopoe
  • 98 Dendrocopos major - Great Spotted Woodpecker
  • 99 Melanocorypha calandra - Calandra Lark
  • 100 Calandrella brachydactyla - Short-toed Lark
  • 101 Galerida cristata - Crested Lark
  • 102 Galerida theklae - Thekla Lark
  • 103 Lullula arborea - Wood Lark
  • 104 Riparia riparia - Sand Martin
  • 105 Ptyonoprogne rupestris - Crag Martin
  • 106 Hirundo rustica - Barn Swallow
  • 107 Hirundo daurica - Red-rumped Swallow
  • 108 Delichon urbica - House Martin
  • 109 Anthus campestris - Tawny Pipit
  • 110 Motacilla flava - Yellow Wagtail
  • 111 Motacilla cinerea - Grey Wagtail
  • 112 Motacilla alba - Pied Wagtail
  • 113 Troglodytes troglodytes - Wren
  • 114 Cercotrichas galactotes - Rufous-tailed Scrub-robin
  • 115 Erithacus rubecula - Robin
  • 116 Luscinia megarhynchos - Rufous Nightingale
  • 117 Phoenicurus phoenicurus - Common Redstart
  • 118 Saxicola torquata - Common Stonechat
  • 119 Oenanthe oenanthe - Northern Wheatear
  • 120 Oenanthe hispanica - Black-eared Wheatear
  • 121 Monticola solitarius - Blue Rock Thrush
  • 122 Turdus merula - Blackbird
  • 123 Turdus viscivorus - Mistle Thrush
  • 124 Cettia cetti - Cetti's Warbler
  • 125 Cisticola juncidis - Zitting Cisticola
  • 126 Locustella luscinioides - Savi's Warbler
  • 127 Acrocephalus scirpaceus - Reed Warbler
  • 128 Acrocephalus arundinaceus - Great Reed Warbler
  • 129 Hippolais polyglotta - Melodious Warbler
  • 130 Sylvia undata - Dartford Warbler
  • 131 Sylvia melanocephala - Sardinian Warbler
  • 132 Sylvia hortensis - Orphean Warbler
  • 133 Sylvia communis - Common Whitethroat
  • 134 Sylvia borin - Garden Warbler
  • 135 Sylvia atricapilla - Blackcap
  • 136 Phylloscopus brehmii - Iberian Chiffchaff
  • 137 Regulus ignicapillus - Firecrest
  • 138 Muscicapa striata - Spotted Flycatcher
  • 139 Ficedula hypoleuca - Pied Flycatcher
  • 140 Aegithalus caudatus - Long-tailed Tit
  • 141 Parus cristatus - Crested Tit
  • 142 Parus ater - Coal Tit
  • 143 Parus caeruleus - Blue Tit
  • 144 Parus major - Great Tit
  • 145 Certhia brachydactyla - Short-toed Treecreeper
  • 146 Oriolus oriolus - Golden Oriole
  • 147 Lanius meridionalis - Southern Grey Shrike
  • 148 Lanius senator - Woodchat Shrike
  • 149 Garrulus glandarius - Eurasian Jay
  • 150 Cyanopica cyana - Azure-winged Magpie
  • 151 Pica pica - Magpie
  • 152 Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax - Red-billed Chough
  • 153 Corvus monedula - Eurasian Jackdaw
  • 154 Corvus corax - Common Raven
  • 155 Sturnus unicolor - Spotless Starling
  • 156 Passer domesticus - House Sparrow
  • 157 Petronia petronia - Rock Sparrow
  • 158 Fringilla coelebs - Common Chaffinch
  • 159 Serinus serinus - European Serin
  • 160 Carduelis chloris - Greenfinch
  • 161 Carduelis carduelis - Goldfinch
  • 162 Carduelis spinus - Siskin
  • 163 Carduelis cannabina - Linnet
  • 164 Loxia curvirostra - Common Crossbill
  • 165 Emberiza cirlus - Cirl Bunting
  • 166 Emberiza cia - Rock Bunting
  • 167 Miliaria calandra - Corn Bunting

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